The dam built across the Jawai River
By Harpreet Kaur
Jawai Dam or Jawai bandh is built across the Jawai river in Sumerpur tehsil of Pali district. It is one of the biggest dams in western Rajasthan. Sei dam and Kalibor dam are feeder dams for the Jawai Dam.
You can view the dam from the top of Castle Bera. The Jawai river originates in the Aravallis and flows besides the Bera village. This is the largest manmade dam in western Rajasthan. The Jawai River is one of the tributaries of the Luni River. The other large dam located in the area is the Sadar Samand Dam.
This dam is also a paradise for migratory birds in winter, and the dam is a host to the Jawai Dam Crocodile Sanctuary, a home to marshy crocodiles. The forests close to the dam is a good place to spot a leopard roaming free. The lake formed due to this dam is home to the biggest e to crocodile sanctuary.
This dam was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh in 1946. The dam has a capacity of 7887.5 million cubic feet and covers an area of 102,315 acres of cultivable area. The height is about 61.2 feet.
The dam and its surrounding area are paradise for migratory birds. It supplies water to villages of Jalore and Pali district for irrigation. It is home to cranes of all types, comb duck, spotbill duck, demmossile, sarus, barheaded geese, and other birds.
Jawai Dam Crocodile Sanctuary and the Kambeshwarji Leopard sanctuary is also situated nearby. The place is a heaven for marshy crocodiles and panther, bear, hyena, wolf, nilgai, chinkara, jackals, and jungle cats.
Closeby is the Kortaescape at korta about 10 km from Jawai Dam. It is a historic place and is rich in history, culture, and tradition. Korta has many 10th century temples. It is surrounded by the Aravalli range.
Pali traces its origins in Mahabharat and was a part of the `baalla desh`, a democratic` state of the Arbuda province. The legendary Chinese traveler Huen-Tsang mentions Pali in his wrtings as in 667 AD, as a part of the Gurjar Desh and was administered by local bodies. Geologists have found traces of pre-historic civilization in Pali and that it emerged from the western sea that was once spread over present day Rajasthan. It was ruled by King Harshavardhana of the Chalukya dynasty until the end of the 7th century. During 10th to 15th century Pali boundaries extended to join Mewar, Godwad and Marwar. Rajput rulers resisted foreign invaders individually. Pali saw many battles during the 16th and 17th centuries. But by this time Pali was under the rathores of Marwar. It was rehabilitated by Maharaja Vijay Singh and became an important commercial centre. Pali was also the pioneer in freedom struggle. Various Thakurs of Pali under Thakur of Auwa confronted the British.